What is Arthritis?

The swelling and tenderness of your joints is termed as Arthritis, with the main symptoms of joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the two common types of Arthritis.

In osteoarthritis, there is breakdown of cartilage, the hard, slippery tissue covering the ends of bones, and in rheumatoid arthritis, there is an immune system attacking joints of your own body.

The main goal of arthritis treatment is resolving symptoms and improving the quality of life of a patient and it depends upon the type of arthritis.

 

 

What are different types of Arthritis?

The different types of arthritis include,

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Septic arthritis
  • Thumb arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Gout

 

What are symptoms with which an arthritis patient presents?

Arthritis mostly involves the joints and the symptoms with which a patient present are also related to joints such as,

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Decreased Range of motion
  • Difficulty in putting weight on joints or doing heavy work

 

What may be the causes of these symptoms in arthritis?

Osteoarthritis involves wear and tear damage to your joint’s cartilage, which is the flexible and slick coating on the ends of your joints, cushioning the ends of your bones to allow a frictionless movement. Enough damage to these cartilage can cause pain, swelling and restricted movement, which is accelerated by joint injury and infection. Osteoarthritis causes changes in the bones and deterioration of the connective tissues affecting the joint as a whole. On the other hand, the body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule and makes them inflamed and swollen.

 

What are the risk factors of Arthritis?

There are various factors that pose a person at a greater risk of having arthritis, such as family history, higher age groups, female sex, previous joint injury, obesity, overweight, sedentary lifestyle, and high levels of uric acid.

 

What may be the complications?

Severe arthritis can make it difficult for you to do daily tasks, and affect your normal lifestyle.  If it affects weight-bearing joints, it can affect your ability to walk comfortably, sit down or stand from a sitting posture, and in some cases joints can become twisted and deformed.

 

How to Manage Arthritis?

The treatment of arthritis focuses on relieving pain and making the daily life of arthritis sufferers better. This may include lifestyle measures to prevent it, simple hacks and home remedies to get relief and medication.

 

  • The lifestyle changes that can help people with arthritis are weight loss, maintaining a healthy weight, eating a healthy diet, avoiding fried/ultra processed foods, having a gluten free diet, regular exercise, and home workout. Physical therapy also helps in dealing with arthritis in a good way.

 

  • A number of different types of medication treat arthritis, and these include, analgesics, nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), menthol, DMARDs, and capsaicin creams. If these medications show no betterment, the ultimate solution may be to have a surgery replacing your joint.

 

References:

https://www.arthritis.org/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350772

https://www.healthline.com/health/arthritis